Birds of the Rio Sucusari

within 2 km of ACEER, ExplorNapo, and the Canopy Walkway (Explorama Lodges)

July 1998

R. Haven Wiley
Minna S. Wiley
Department of Biology
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill NC 27599-3280

(download pdf version)


The following list was compiled while studying individual variation in vocalizations of birds in the forest interior. Some of these species were new for me, so there might be some mistakes. Please send any suggestions or corrections (in English o en espanol) to Haven Wiley.

For notes on some of the unusual/problematic species, check the following links:

cracids, other gamebirds, and mammals;
other species.

Scientific names follow Stotz et al. (1996); English names follow Ridgely and Tudor (1989, 1994) and Hilty and Brown (1986).

Each species' name is followed by a code indicating its relative frequency:

c, common, encountered almost everyday;
u, uncommon, encountered more than once but not every day;
r, rare, recorded only once.

There is also a brief note about where the species occurred or other features of its biology.

For further information on the birds of Loreto, please consult the following:

List of the Birds of Lowland Loreto

Birds of the Rio Tapiche (February 1997)

Recent literature on the birds of Loreto


Explorama Tours provided efficient logistical support for our work, and their staff provided assistance and advice in innumerable ways.


1	Great Tinamou  (Tinamus major)  --  u
		scattered, calling in evening

2	Gray Tinamou  (Tinamus tao)  --  r

3	Cinereous Tinamou  (Crypturellus cinereus)  --  c
		scattered, calling during day

4	Little Tinamou  (Crypturellus soui)  --  u

5	Variegated Tinamou  (Crypturellus variegatus)  --  c
		frequently heard, mostly in evening

6	Greater Yellow-headed Vulture  (Cathartes melambrotus)  --  c
		always a few soaring over canopy

7	Gray-headed Kite  (Leptodon cayanensis)  --  u
		in emergent

8	Swallow-tailed Kite  (Elanoides forficatus)  --  u
		above forest

9	Double-toothed Kite  (Harpagus bidentatus)  --  u
		in forest

10	Plumbeous Kite  (Ictinia plumbea)  --  u
		above forest

11	Gray-bellied Hawk  (Accipiter poliogaster)  --  r
		in emergent after prolonged rain

12	White Hawk  (Leucopternis albicollis)  --  u
		in emergent

13	Black-faced Hawk  (Leucopternis melanops)  --  r
		in emergent after prolonged rain

14	Roadside Hawk  (Buteo magnirostris)  --  u
		usually near clearings

15	Crested Eagle  (Morphnus guianensis)  --  r
		in emergent after prolonged rain

16	Ornate Hawk-Eagle  (Spizaetus ornatus)  --  u
		soaring over forest

17	Black Hawk-Eagle  (Spizaetus tyrannus)  --  u
		soaring over forest

18	Red-throated Caracara  (Daptrius americanus)  --  c

19	Laughing Falcon  (Herpetotheres cachinnans)  --  u
		in emergents, calling occasionally

20	Lined Forest-Falcon  (Micrastur gilvicollis)  --  r
		calling early, only once

21	Barred Forest-Falcon  (Micrastur ruficollis)  --  u
		calling early

22	Orange-breasted Falcon  (Falco deiroleucus)  --  u
		male and female seen repeatedly near Platform 5

23	Bat Falcon  (Falco rufigularis)  --  u
		near river

24	Variable Chachalaca  (Ortalis motmot)  --  u
		thick canopies along quebrada

25	Spix's Guan  (Penelope jacquacu)  --  r
		flushed in canopy twice

26	Nocturnal Curassow  (Nothocrax urumutum)  --  r
		calling at night, only once

27	Razor-billed Curassow  (Crax mitu)  --  r
		single bird flushed beside quebrada

28	Marbled Wood-Quail  (Odontophorus gujanensis)  --  u
		heard in evenings occasionally

29	Gray-winged Trumpeter  (Psophia crepitans)  --  r
		small group flushed once (species by range)

30	Sunbittern  (Eurypyga helias)  --  r
		at edge of Jardin Botanico

31	Plumbeous Pigeon  (Columba plumbea)  --  c

32	Ruddy Pigeon  (Columba subvinacea)  --  u

33	Gray-fronted Dove  (Leptoptila rufaxilla)  --  c

34	Ruddy Quail-Dove  (Geotrygon montana)  --  u

35	Blue-and-yellow Macaw  (Ara ararauna)  --  u
		flying over

36	Cobalt-winged Parakeet  (Brotogeris cyanoptera)  --  c

37	Tui Parakeet  (Brotogeris sanctithomae)  --  u

38	Black-headed Parrot  (Pionites melanocephala)  --  c
		frequent, noisy

39	Blue-headed Parrot  (Pionus menstruus)  --  u

40	Mealy Parrot  (Amazona farinosa)  --  c

41	Squirrel Cuckoo  (Piaya cayana)  --  u

42	Black-bellied Cuckoo  (Piaya melanogaster)  --  u
		frequent, forest canopy, one close to the canopy walkway
		devoured an enormous caterpillar

43	Little Cuckoo  (Piaya minuta)  --  r
		thick foliage near edges

44	Pheasant Cuckoo  (Dromococcyx phasianellus)  --  u
		one heard frequently near ACEER clearing

45	Red-billed Ground-Cuckoo  (Neomorphus pucheranii)  --  r
		once, beneath large mixed flock, no ants present

46	Crested Owl  (Lophostrix cristata)  --  u
		heard regularly at night

47	Mottled Owl  (Ciccaba virgata)  --  r
		one seen and heard beside canopy walkway
		Spectacled Owl (Pulsatrix perspicillata) not heard 

48	White-collared Swift  (Streptoprogne zonaris)  --  r
		about 10 above canopy in heavy rain

49	Chestnut-collared Swift  (Cypseloides rutilus)  --  r
		about 10 above canopy in heavy rain

50	Short-tailed Swift  (Chaetura brachyura)  --  c
		most numerous swift, often with other species

51	Chapman's Swift  (Chaetura chapmani)  --  r
		one or two with other swifts

52	Gray-rumped Swift  (Chaetura cinereiventris)  --  u
		numerous in groups of swifts

53	Pale-rumped Swift  (Chaetura egregia)  --  u
		once above canopy

54	Band-rumped Swift  (Chaetura spinicauda)  --  u
		several in large groups of swifts

55	Ashy-tailed Swift  (Chaetura andrei)  --  u
		several in groups of swifts -- now C. meridionalis, paler rump
		than C. pelagica but identification tentative

56	Fork-tailed Palm-Swift  (Reinardia squamata)  --  c
		alone or with other swifts

57	Little Hermit  (Phaethornis longuemareus)  --  u

58	Reddish Hermit  (Phaethornis ruber)  --  c

59	Long-tailed Hermit  (Phaethornis superciliosus)  --  c

60	Fork-tailed Woodnymph  (Thalurania forcata)  --  u

61	Pavonine Quetzal  (Pharomachus pavoninus)  --  r
		once, calling

62	White-tailed Trogon  (Trogon viridis)  --  c
		numerous, other species also calling but not identified

63	Ringed Kingfisher  (Ceryle torquata)  --  c
		along Napo

64	Pygmy Kingfisher  (Chloroceryle aenea)  --  u

65	Rufous Motmot  (Baryphthengus ruficapillus)  --  c

66	Blue-crowned Motmot  (Momotus momota)  --  c

67	Yellow-billed Jacamar  (Galbula albirostris)  --  r

68	Paradise Jacamar  (Galbula dea)  --  u

69	White-chinned Jacamar  (Galbula tombacea)  --  r

70	White-necked Puffbird  (Notharchus macrorhynchus)  --  u

71	Lanceolated Monklet  (Micromonacha lanceolata)  --  r
		in canopy at Platform 10

72	White-fronted Nunbird  (Monasa morphaeus)  --  c
		in forest canopy

73	Black-fronted Nunbird  (Monasa nigrifrons)  --  c
		along rivers

74	Black-spotted Barbet  (Capito niger)  --  c

75	Lemon-throated Barbet  (Eubucco richardsoni)  --  u

76	Ivory-billed Aracari  (Pteroglossus flavirostris)  --  u

77	Chestnut-eared Aracari  (Pteroglossus castanotis)  --  u

78	Lettered Aracari  (Pteroglossus inscriptus)  --  u

79	Golden-collared Toucanet  (Selenidura reinwardtii)  --  c

80	Cuvier's Toucan  (Ramphastus tucanus)  --  c

81	Yellow-ridged Toucan  (Ramphastus culminatus)  --  u

82	Plain-breasted Piculet  (Piculus castelnau)  --  r
		once in mixed flock

83	Yellow-tufted Woodpecker  (Melanerpes cruentatus)  --  c
		frequent, everywhere

84	Red-stained Woodpecker  (Veniliornis affinis)  --  u

85	Yellow-throated Woodpecker  (Piculus flavigula)  --  u
		frequent, in canopy

86	Chestnut Woodpecker  (Celeus elegans)  --  u

87	Cream-colored Woodpecker  (Celeus flavus)  --  u

88	Scaly-breasted Woodpecker  (Celeus grammicus)  --  u
		near river

89	Crimson-crested Woodpecker  (Campephilus melanoleucus)  --  c

90	Red-necked Woodpecker  (Campephilus rubricollis)  --  u

91	Plain-brown Woodcreeper  (Dendorcincla fuliginosa)  --  u
		once, no ants present

92	Olivaceous Woodcreeper  (Sittasomus griseicapillus)  --  u

93	Wedge-billed Woodcreeper  (Glyphorynchus spirurus)  --  c
		in every antshrike/antwren flock, also alone

94	Long-billed Woodcreeper  (Nasica longirostris)  --  u
		often heard near river and quebrada

95	Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper  (Dendrexetastes rufigula)  --  u

96	Buff-throated Woodcreeper  (Xiphorhynchus guttatus)  --  c

97	Ocellated Woodcreeper  (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus)  --  c
		often with mixed flocks

98	Straight-billed Woodcreeper  (Xiphorhynchus picus)  --  u
		near Sucusari

99	Elegant Woodcreeper  (Xiphorhynchus elegans)  --  r

100	Lineated Woodcreeper  (Lepidocolaptes lineatus)  --  u
		pair, in canopy

101	Ruddy Spinetail  (Synallaxis rutilans)  --  u

102	Speckled Spinetail  (Cranioleuca gutturata)  --  u
		with tanager flocks

103	Chestnut-winged Hookbill  (Ancistrops strigilatus)  --  r

104	Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner  (Phylidor erythrocercus)  --  r

105	Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner  (Phylidor erythropterus)  --  r

106	Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner  (Phylidor ruficaudatus)  --  r

107	Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner  (Automolus infuscatus)  --  u

108	Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner  (Automolus ochrolaemus)  --  u

109	Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner  (Automolus rufipileatus)  --  u
		all foliage-gleaners with mixed flocks

110	Striped Foliage-gleaner  (Hyloctistes subulatus)  --  r

111	Short-billed Leaftosser  (Sclerurus rufigularis)  --  u
		scattered,on forest floor

112	Spot-winged Antshrike  (Pygiptila stellaris)  --  c
		heard often at dawn in canopy

113	Black-capped Antshrike  (Thamnophilus schistaceus)  --  u

114	Mouse-colored Antshrike  (Thamnophilus murinus)  --  c
		heard often in forest

115	Dusky-throated Antshrike  (Thamnomanes ardesiacus)  --  c
		in every antshrike/antwren flock

116	Great Antshrike  (Taraba major)  --  u

117	Cinereous Antshrike  (Thamnomanes caesius)  --  c
		in every antshrike/antwren flock

118	Fasciated Antshrike  (Cymbilaimus lineatus)  --  c
		heard often in forest

119	White-flanked Antwren  (Myrmotherula axillaris)  --  c
		in every antshrike/antwren flock

120	Gray Antwren  (Myrmotherula menetriesii)  --  c
		in every antshrike/antwren flock

121	Short-billed Antwren  (Myrmotherula obscura)  --  c
		frequent in canopy

122	Streaked Antwren  (Myrmotherula surinamensis)  --  c
		frequent in tangles near water

123	Banded  Antbird  (Dichrozona cincta)  --  u

124	Chestnut-shouldered Antwren  (Terenura humeralis)  --  u
		in mixed flock

125	Gray Antbird  (Cercomacra cinerascens)  --  c
		heard often, vine-tangled emergents

126	Black-faced Antbird  (Myrmoborus myotherinus)  --  c
		heard often, near ground in forest

127	Warbling Antbird  (Hypocnemis cantator)  --  c
		heard often, possibly also Yellow-browed

128	Yellow-browed Antbird  (Hypocnemis  hypoxantha)  -- ? 

129	Silvered Antbird  (Scateria naevia)  --  u

130	Slate-colored Antbird  (Percnostola schistaceus)  --  r

131	Spot-backed Antbird  (Hylophylax naevia)  --  u

132	Reddish-winged Bare-eye  (Phlegopsis erythroptera)  --  r
		pair with other antbirds, no ants present

133	Black-spotted Bare-eye  (Phlegopsis nigromaculatus)  --  u
		heard occasionally

134	Black-faced Antthrush  (Formicarius analis)  --  c
		numerous in forest

135	Rufous-capped Antthrush  (Formicarius colma)  --  c
		numerous in forest

136	Noble Antthrush  (Chamaeza nobilis)  --  u
		several heard regularly at widely scattered sites

137	Thrush-like Antpitta  (Myrmothera campanisona)  --  u
		heard often

138	Rusty-belted Tapaculo  (Liosceles thoracicus)  --  c
		scattered but often heard

139	Slender-footed Tyrannulet  (Zimmerius gracilipes)  --  u

140	Mouse-colored Tyrannulet  (Phaeomyias murina)  --  

141	Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet  (Tyrannulus elatus)  --  c
		heard frquently

142	Yellow-crowned Elaenia  (Myiopagis flavivertex)  --  

143	Forest Elaenia  (Myipagis gaimardii)  --  r

144	Ochre-bellied Flycatcher  (Mionectes oleaginea)  --  u
		occasional in flocks or alone, including in canopy

145	Ringed Antpipit  (Corythopis torquata)  --  c
		scattered but often heard

146	Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant  (Myiornis ecaudatus)  --  

147	Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant  (Lophotriccus vitiosus)  --  c
		widespread, numerous

148	White-eyed Tody-Tyrant  (Hemitriccus zosterops)  --  u

149	Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher  (Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum)  --  u
		in mixed flocks in canopy

150	Brownish  Flycatcher  (Cnipodectes subbrunneus)  --  u

151	Dusky-tailed Flatbill  (Ramphotrigon fuscicauda)  --  r
		in mixed flock

152	Large-headed Flatbill  (Ramphotrigon megacephala)  --  r

153	Olivaceous Flatbill  (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus)  --  r

154	Yellow-margined Flycatcher  (Tolmomyias assimilis)  --  u

155	Yellow-breasted Flycatcher  (Tolmomyias flaviventris)  --  u

156	Gray-crowned Flycatcher  (Tolmomyias poliocephalus)  --  c
		numerous in canopy

157	Orange-eyed Flycatcher  (Tolmomyias traylori)  --  u
		near Jardin Botanico and Platform 6

158	Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher  (Terenotriccus erythrurus)  --  u
		scattered in forest

159	White-eyed Attila  (Attila bolivianus)  --  r

160	Cinnamon Attila  (Attila cinnamomeus)  --  u

161	Bright-rumped Attila  (Attila spadiceus)  --  c
		calling regularly in several places

162	Grayish Mourner  (Rhytipterna simplex)  --  u
		several calling

163	Cinereous Mourner  (Laniocera hypopyrrha)  --  u
		2-3 males calling regularly at two sites

164	Gray-capped Flycatcher  (Myiozetetes granadensis)  --  c
		in clearing or atop canopy

165	Dusky-chested Flycatcher  (Tyrannopsis luteiventris)  --  u
		small groups in canopy

166	Social Flycatcher  (Myiozetetes similis)  --  c
		near river

167	Piratic Flycatcher  (Legatus leucophaius)  --  u
		occasional in canopy

168	Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher  (Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus)  --  u
		occasional in canopy

169	Tropical Kingbird  (Tyrannus melancholicus)  --  c
		near clearings

170	Black-capped Becard  (Pachyramphus marginatus)  --  r

171	Pink-throated Becard  (Platypsaris minor)  --  r

172	White-winged Becard  (Pachyramphus polychopterus)  --  r

173	Masked Tityra  (Tityra semifasciata)  --  u

174	Varzea Schiffornis  (Schiffornis major)  --  u
		in floodplain forest

175	Thrush-like Schiffornis  (Schiffornis turdinus)  --  u
		scattered in upland forest

176	Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin  (Tyranneutes stolzmanni)  --  c
		many calling males

177	Striped Manakin  (Machaeropterus regulus)  --  u
		calling at one site

178	Blue-backed Manakin  (Chiroxiphia pareola)  --  c
		scattered calling males

179	Blue-crowned Manakin  (Pipra coronata)  --  c
		widespread, numerous

180	Golden-headed Manakin  (Pipra erythrocephala)  --  c
		many small leks

181	White-crowned Manakin  (Pipra pipra)  --  c
		widespread, not so numerous as Blue-crowned

182	Black-necked Red-Cotinga  (Phoenicircus nigricollis)  --  u
		little activity at lek at dawn, male and female seen frequently 
		along Central Trail

183	White-browed Purpletuft  (Iodopleura isabellae)  --  u
		pair with flying young seen often from Platforms 6-9A

184	Screaming Piha  (Lipaugus vociferans)  --  c
		large congregation of calling males under canopy walkway

185	Spangled Cotinga  (Cotinga cayana)  --  c
		one male used habitual perches atop canopy

186	Bare-necked Fruitcrow  (Gymnoderus foetidus)  --  u

187	Purple-throated Fruitcrow  (Querula purpurata)  --  c
		groups in canopy easily located by calls

188	Gray-breasted Martin  (Progne chalybea)  --  c
		along Napo

189	White-banded Swallow  (Atticora fasciata)  --  c
		along rivers

190	Black-collared Swallow  (Atticora melanoleuca)  --  r
		several with swifts after rain -- see note below

191	Southern Rough-winged Swallow  (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)  --  c
		numerous along rivers

192	Coraya Wren  (Thryothorus coraya)  --  c

193	Southern Nightingale Wren  (Microcerculus marginatus)  --  c
		scattered but often heard

194	Musician Wren  (Cyphorhinus arada)  --  r
		singing once

195	Collared Gnatwren  (Microbates collaris)  --  u
		twice, with antshrike/antwren flocks

196	Slate-colored (Slaty) Grosbeak  (Pitylus grossus)  --  u
		in canopy, occasional

197	Buff-throated Saltator  (Saltator maximus)  --  u
		in clearings

198	Magpie Tanager  (Cissopis leveriana)  --  u
		in clearings

199	Yellow-backed Tanager  (Hemithraupis flavicollis)  --  u
		in canopy

200	Fulvous Shrike-Tanager  (Lanio fulvus)  --  u
		with mixed flocks

201	Fulvous-crested Tanager  (Tachyphonus surinamus)  --  u

202	Red-crowned Ant-Tanager  (Habia rubica)  --  u

203	Silver-beaked Tanager  (Ramphocelus carbo)  --  u
		in clearings

204	Masked Crimson Tanager  (Ramphocelus nigrogularis)  --  u
		in clearings

205	Blue-gray Tanager  (Thraupus episcopus)  --  u
		in clearings

206	Golden-bellied Euphonia  (Euphonia chrysopasta)  --  r
		with mixed flock

207	White-vented Euphonia  (Euphonia minuta)  --  r

208	Orange-bellied Euphonia  (Euphonia xanthogaster)  --  u

209	Opal-browed Tanager  (Tangara callophrys)  --  u
		in canopy flocks

210	Paradise Tanager  (Tangara chilensis)  --  c
		in canopy flocks

211	Bay-headed Tanager  (Tangara gyrola)  --  r

212	Turquoise Tanager  (Tangara mexicana)  --  u
		in canopy flocks

213	Green-and-gold Tanager  (Tangara schrankii)  --  c
		often in mixed flocks

214	Opal-rumped Tanager  (Tangara velia)  --  u
		in canopy flocks

215	Blue Dacnis  (Dacnis cayana)  --  u

216	Black-faced Dacnis  (Dacnis lineata)  --  u

217	Green Honeycreeper  (Chlorophanes spiza)  --  u

218	Purple Honeycreeper  (Cyanerpes caeruleus)  --  u

219	Short-billed Honeycreeper  (Cyanerpes nitidus)  --  u

220	Swallow Tanager  (Tersina viridis)  --  r
		once, in mixed flock

221	Rufous-browed Peppershrike  (Cyclarhis gujanensis)  --  u
		singing in emergents beside river or quebrada

222	Red-eyed Vireo  (Vireo olivaceus)  --  u
		occasional, singing in canopy

223	Dusky-capped  Greenlet  (Hylophilus hypoxanthus)  --  u
		scattered in mixed flocks or alone in forest

224	Lemon-chested Greenlet  (Hylophilus thoracicus)  --  r
		once in canopy flock at edge

225	Tawny-crowned Greenlet  (Hylophilus ochraceiceps)  --  u
		scattered in mixed flocks

226	Russet-backed Oropendola  (Psarocolius angustifrons)  --  c

227	Green Oropendola  (Psarocolius viridis)  --  u

228	Yellow-rumped Cacique  (Cacicus cela)  --  c

229	Solitary Black Cacique  (Cacicus solitarius)  --  r